Parkinson's disease (PD) (or, simply, Parkinson's) is the most common form of parkinsonism, a group of motor system disorders. It is a slowly progressing, degenerative disease that is usually associated with the following symptoms, all of which result from the loss of dopamine-producing brain cells:
Dopamine is a substance produced in the body that has many effects, including smooth and coordinated muscle movement.
The specific cause of PD is unknown; however, medical experts believe the symptoms are related to a chemical imbalance in the brain caused by brain-cell death. Parkinson's disease is chronic (persists over a long period of time), and progressive (symptoms grow worse over time).
Although the disease may appear in younger patients (even teenagers), it usually affects people in late middle age. It is not contagious. The biggest risk factor for developing PD is advancing age. The average age for the onset of PD is 60 years. In addition, 50 percent more men are affected than women, according to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. However, the reason for this is unclear. Family history is another important risk factor. Individuals with a parent or sibling who are affected have approximately two times the chance of developing PD. This increased risk is most likely because of a combination of environmental and genetic factors.
Parkinson’s disease Treatment Services:
LSVT Big and LSVT Loud
The Touro Neurological Rehabilitation Center staff includes LSVT™ certified speech, physical and occupational therapists and is the only facility in New Orleans with a comprehensive LSVT LOUD™ and LSVT BIG™ program for treatment of Parkinson’s disease.
LSVT™ therapy uses innovative and clinically-proven methods for improving communication and movement in individuals with Parkinson disease with application to other neural conditions, such as stroke, multiple sclerosis, cerebral palsy, Down syndrome. The LSVT programs have been developed and scientifically researched over the past 20 years with funding from the National Institutes of Health.
Click here for more information about the LSVT Program at Touro.