Diabetes can cause heart disease, kidney failure, nervous system damages, and a host of other health problems. Those with diabetes can control it through proper nutrition and exercise, along with medication if necessary.
Diagnosing diabetes guidelines:
- People older than 45 should be tested for prediabetes or diabetes. If the first blood sugar (glucose) test is normal, they should get tested again every three years.
- Have a mother, father, brother, or sister with diabetes.
- Are part of a high-risk ethnic group. This means African American, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, Native Alaskan, or Native American.
- Had heart and blood vessel disease in the past.
- Have blood pressure at 140/90 mm/Hg or higher. Or are taking medicine for high blood pressure.
- Are not active.
- Had impaired glucose tolerance during a past test for diabetes.
- Are a woman with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
- Have been diagnosed with prediabetes
- Have symptoms of diabetes. These include increased urination, increased thirst, increased hunger, and unexplained weight loss.
Talk to your healthcare provider if you are concerned about your risk of diabetes.
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